- What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?
- What diseases are airborne precautions?
- Who developed universal precautions?
- What are 3 universal precautions when dealing with body fluids?
- What are the 4 main universal precautions?
- Why is standard precautions important?
- What is the most common method of spreading infection?
- What is meant by standard precautions?
- What are examples of universal precautions?
- What do Standard precautions include?
- When should standard precautions be used?
- When did universal precautions begin?
- What is the difference between standard and universal precautions?
- What are the 5 universal precautions?
- What are universal precautions and why are they important?
What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?
Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids..
What diseases are airborne precautions?
Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.
Who developed universal precautions?
Following the AIDS outbreak in the 1980s the US CDC formally introduced them in 1985–88. Every patient was treated as if infected and therefore precautions were taken to minimize risk. In 1987, the practice of universal precautions was adjusted by a set of rules known as body substance isolation.
What are 3 universal precautions when dealing with body fluids?
Blood and body fluid precautions involve the use of protective barriers such as gloves, gowns, masks, and eye protection. These reduce the risk of exposing the skin or mucous membranes to potentially infectious fluids.
What are the 4 main universal precautions?
Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.
Why is standard precautions important?
Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.
What is the most common method of spreading infection?
Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.
What is meant by standard precautions?
Standard Precautions are the minimum infection prevention practices that apply to all patient care, regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status of the patient, in any setting where health care is delivered.
What are examples of universal precautions?
Universal precautions include: Using disposable gloves and other protective barriers while examining all patients and while handling needles, scalpels, and other sharp instruments. Washing hands and other skin surfaces that are contaminated with blood or body fluids immediately after a procedure or examination.
What do Standard precautions include?
Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.
When should standard precautions be used?
Healthcare workers must use standard precautions: when caring for all patients, regardless of the patient’s perceived or actual infectious status. when handling blood and/or all other body substances, secretions and excretions (excluding sweat), non-intact skin or mucous membranes.
When did universal precautions begin?
Universal precautions were introduced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1985, mostly in response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic.
What is the difference between standard and universal precautions?
In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.
What are the 5 universal precautions?
5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.
What are universal precautions and why are they important?
Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).