Quick Answer: What Causes Reye Syndrome?

Can adults get Reyes Syndrome?

Reye’s Syndrome, a deadly disease, strikes swiftly and can attack any child, teen, or adult without warning.

All body organs are affected with the liver and brain suffering most seriously..

How is Reye’s syndrome diagnosed?

Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) There’s no specific test for Reye’s syndrome. Instead, screening for Reye’s syndrome usually begins with blood and urine tests as well as testing for fatty acid oxidation disorders and other metabolic disorders.

How quickly does Reye’s syndrome occur?

The signs and symptoms of Reye’s syndrome typically appear about three to five days after the onset of a viral infection, such as the flu (influenza) or chickenpox, or an upper respiratory infection, such as a cold.

What to do if a child takes aspirin?

When to Seek Medical Care If you have been taking aspirin and begin to have ringing in your ears, call your doctor to see if the medication should be stopped or the dosage reduced.. For all other symptoms, call 911 (or the local emergency phone number) immediately.

How many cases of Reye’s syndrome are there?

A total of 1,207 cases of Reye’s syndrome in children younger than 18 years of age were reported to CDC from 1981 to 1997. After a high of 555 cases were documented in 1980, the number of cases declined rapidly, and since 1987 fewer than 37 cases have been reported each year.

Can you recover from Reye’s syndrome?

Outlook. Survival rate for Reye’s syndrome has improved in recent years and is now at about 80 percent. Early detection and treatment is key to a full recovery, with later diagnosis sometimes leading to permanent brain damage and disability. Those who have lapsed into a coma also have a poorer outlook.

Can ibuprofen cause Reye’s syndrome?

Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin are easily available and generally safe in small doses. Most of these are safe for children, as well. However, aspirin is an important exception. Aspirin is associated with a risk of Reye’s syndrome in children.

Why does aspirin cause Reye’s syndrome?

The proposed mechanism for aspirin contributing to the development of Reye’s syndrome is related to mitochondrial damage that can be caused by salicylates, which may be intensified during viral illness by endotoxins and cytokines.

Is the best prevention for Reye’s syndrome?

Although a clear link between aspirin and Reye syndrome has not yet been proven, experts agree that to prevent Reye syndrome, the safest approach is never to give aspirin or aspirin-containing medicines to children.

Is Reye syndrome genetic?

Genetic factors For example, a child may be born with an as yet unknown genetic predisposition (tendency) that makes Reye’s syndrome more likely. If this child then has a viral infection and takes aspirin, or one of the active ingredients in aspirin, such as salicylate, this can trigger the condition.

How serious is Reye’s syndrome?

Reye’s syndrome is a very rare disorder that can cause serious liver and brain damage. If it’s not treated promptly, it may lead to permanent brain injury or death. Reye’s syndrome mainly affects children and young adults under 20 years of age.

Does Pepto Bismol cause Reye’s syndrome?

The cause is unknown; however, salicylates have been implicated as a possible causative agent. Products containing salicylate include but are not limited to aspirin and Pepto-Bismol. Studies linked Reye’s syndrome epidemiologically to recent illness with influenza or varicella and the use of aspirin.

What age can you take aspirin?

Most people aged 16 and over can safely take aspirin. However, aspirin is not suitable for some people. There’s a possible link between aspirin and Reye’s syndrome in children.

What organs does Reye’s syndrome affect?

Reye’s syndrome (RS) is primarily a children’s disease, although it can occur at any age. It affects all organs of the body but is most harmful to the brain and the liver–causing an acute increase of pressure within the brain and, often, massive accumulations of fat in the liver and other organs.

Who Cannot take aspirin?

Children and young people under the age of 16 shouldn’t take aspirin. If you’re on long-term, low-dose aspirin you must be careful about taking other NSAIDs because this could increase the risk of stomach bleeding. Ask your doctor for advice if you’re unsure. Find out more about the other NSAIDs available.