What Are The Four Major Methods Of Infection Control?

What are the infection control procedures?

They include:hand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91]..

What are the infection control procedures in your workplace?

The foundation of good infection control is to assume that everyone is potentially infectious. Basic infection control procedures include hand washing and keeping the workplace clean. Wash your hands before and after handling food. Avoid touching your hair, nose or mouth.

What are 4 common aseptic techniques?

According to The Joint Commission, there are four chief aspects of the aseptic technique: barriers, patient equipment and preparation, environmental controls, and contact guidelines. Each plays an important role in infection prevention during a medical procedure.

What are two common sources of infection?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are the four types of infection control precautions?

Transmission-based precautionsairborne transmission, e.g., pulmonary tuberculosis, chickenpox, measles.droplet transmission, e.g., influenza, pertussis (whooping cough), rubella.contact transmission (direct or indirect), e.g., viral gastroenteritis, Clostridium difficile, MRSA, scabies.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is the most common type of HAI?

The four most common types of HAIs are related to invasive devices or surgical procedures and include:Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)Surgical site infection (SSI)Ventilator-associated events (VAE)

What is the most effective level of infection control?

sterilizationBacteria that produce disease are known as pathogenic bacteria. The most effective level of infection control is sterilization. Natural immunity is developed through the injection of antigens.

What is standard precautions infection control?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene?

My 5 Moments for Hand Hygienebefore touching a patient,before clean/aseptic procedures,after body fluid exposure/risk,after touching a patient, and.after touching patient surroundings.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids.