What Are The Two Major Types Of Immunization?

What is immunization very short answer?

Immunisation describes the process whereby people are protected against illness caused by infection with micro-organisms (formally called pathogens).

The term vaccine refers to the material used for immunisation, while vaccination refers to the act of giving a vaccine to a person..

What is Immunisation example?

The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine are examples. Killed (inactivated) vaccines are made from a protein or other small pieces taken from a virus or bacteria. The whooping cough (pertussis) vaccine is an example.

What is primary immunization?

Routine immunization, is a basic service under primary health care, which constitutes primary immunization, and encompasses provision of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and zero oral polio vaccine (OPV) at birth, three doses of OPV/diphtheria, pertusis & tetanus (DPT)/hepatitis B virus (HBV) and measles vaccine before …

What does vaccine mean?

Definition of Terms Vaccine: A product that stimulates a person’s immune system to produce immunity to a specific disease, protecting the person from that disease. Vaccines are usually administered through needle injections, but can also be administered by mouth or sprayed into the nose.

What are the types of immunization?

What Vaccines Do Kids Need?Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine.Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine (DTaP)Hepatitis A vaccine (HepA)Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB)Hib vaccine.Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.Influenza vaccine.Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR)More items…

What is the full meaning of immunization?

Immunization is a way to make you immune to a disease, specifically by taking a vaccine. … What is the definition of immunity?

What is the role of immunization?

Vaccines are the best way we have to prevent infectious disease. A successful immunization program depends on the cooperation of every person. Vaccinations prevent you or your child from getting diseases for which there are often no medical treatments. These illnesses can result in serious complications and even death.

What are DNA based vaccines?

DNA vaccines contain DNA that codes for specific proteins (antigens) from a pathogen. The DNA is injected into the body and taken up by cells, whose normal metabolic processes synthesize proteins based on the genetic code in the plasmid that they have taken up.

What are the 5 types of vaccines?

As mentioned earlier, there are five main types of vaccines: attenuated (live) vaccines, inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, subunit vaccines, and conjugate vaccines.

What was the first immunization?

Edward Jenner, Cowpox, And Smallpox Vaccination. We begin our history of vaccines and immunization with the story of Edward Jenner, a country doctor living in Berkeley (Gloucestershire), England, who in 1796 performed the world’s first vaccination.

Which vaccines are live viruses?

Currently available live attenuated viral vaccines are measles, mumps, rubella, vaccinia, varicella, zoster (which contains the same virus as varicella vaccine but in much higher amount), yellow fever, rotavirus, and influenza (intranasal).

What’s the difference between a vaccine and an immunization?

Vaccination is the term used for getting a vaccine – that is, actually getting the injection or taking an oral vaccine dose. Immunisation refers to the process of both getting the vaccine and becoming immune to the disease following vaccination.

What is the safest type of vaccine?

Both acellular (aP) and whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccines are safe and effective.

What are the types of vaccines for babies?

The first dose is given at age 2 months, the second dose at age 4 months, the third dose at age 6 to 18 months, and the fourth dose at age 4 to 6 years. [e] Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine: Before age 7, children are given the DTaP preparation. Five doses of DTaP are given.