What Can Mimic Meningitis Symptoms?

When should I see a doctor for meningitis?

Call your doctor right away if: You or your child has symptoms of meningitis, such as severe and persistent headache, stiff neck, fever, rash, nausea, and vomiting.

You or your child has viral meningitis and does not get better with home treatment after 3 days..

Would I know if I had meningitis?

The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion. Septicaemia can occur with or without meningitis.

What blood tests indicate meningitis?

Meningitis blood tests A complete blood count (CBC) or total protein count check for heightened levels of certain cells and proteins that can suggest a meningitis infection. A procalcitonin blood test can also help your doctor tell if an infection is more likely caused by either bacteria or a virus.

How long can bacterial meningitis go undetected?

The symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within three to seven days after exposure.

How long can you have meningitis and not know it?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.

What part of neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.

What are the symptoms of meningitis in adults?

Symptoms of meningitisa high temperature (fever) of 38C or above.being sick.a headache.a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but a rash will not always develop)a stiff neck.a dislike of bright lights.drowsiness or unresponsiveness.seizures (fits)

What can be mistaken for meningitis?

Neurosarcoidosis — a rare form of sarcoidosis affecting the central nervous system — can be misdiagnosed as meningitis because of similarities in neurological symptoms, a case study from Mexico reports. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes, called meninges, that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord.

Can meningitis be misdiagnosed?

Missed Diagnosis of Meningitis In people of all ages, bacterial meningitis can be misdiagnosed as viral meningitis or even strep throat, which causes a delay in the appropriate treatment. Diagnosis might be delayed due to a failure to recognize symptoms or order the appropriate diagnostic tests.

Is it possible to have a mild case of meningitis?

Viral meningitis is usually mild and often clears on its own. Most cases in the United States are caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses, which are most common in late summer and early fall. Viruses such as herpes simplex virus, HIV , mumps virus, West Nile virus and others also can cause viral meningitis.

Can you have meningitis for months and not know it?

Its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are similar to those of chronic meningitis. Bacterial meningitis may be subacute rather than acute. Chronic meningitis develops slowly, over weeks or longer, and may last for months to years. Rarely, chronic meningitis causes only mild symptoms and resolves on its own.

Does meningitis headache come and go?

You may have headaches that come and go for up to 2 weeks. In rare cases, what looks like viral meningitis may turn out to be early bacterial meningitis. That’s why it’s important to be rechecked. Call your healthcare provider if your symptoms get worse or new symptoms appear.

What age group is at highest risk for contracting meningitis?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.

How do you rule out meningitis?

For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you’ll need a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In people with meningitis, the CSF often shows a low sugar (glucose) level along with an increased white blood cell count and increased protein.

Does meningitis show up on an MRI?

Brain MRI scans can show inflammation and infection, complications of meningitis. Along with MRI patients often have CT and PET scans ordered. Most patients with meningitis have a CT scan before their lumbar puncture, a test used to diagnose meningitis by studying a sample of spinal fluid.

Does Meningitis go away by itself?

In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment. Antiviral medicine may help people with meningitis caused by viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza.

How can you test for meningitis at home?

The meningitis glass testPress the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.Spots/rash may fade at first.Keep checking.Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.

Can fungal meningitis lay dormant?

The CDC also says symptoms may actually be dormant for months, not weeks. That announcement has left many to wait and worry. Blake Farmer, of member station WPLN, reports from Nashville. BLAKE FARMER, BYLINE: At Vanderbilt University Medical Center, potential fungal meningitis cases get bumped to the front of the line.