What Does Reservoir Mean?

What is the origin of the word reservoir?

The word reservoir comes from the French réservoir, which further derives from the Old French reserver, meaning “to reserve.” Knowing this, it makes sense that the meaning evolved into a place, either man-made or natural, where water is stored or “reserved,” usually for distribution for drinking, irrigating, and ….

Can a hospital be a reservoir of infection?

Abstract. Hospital water may serve as a reservoir of healthcare-associated pathogens, and contaminated water can lead to outbreaks and severe infections.

What’s the difference between contamination and infection?

Contamination refers to the non-intended introduction of infectious microorganisms such as bacteria, yeast, fungi, and protozoans as well as viruses and prions. This also includes contamination by toxins such as endotoxins, exotoxins and any by-products. Infection refers to an invasion of body tissues by microbes.

What are the 4 routes of transmission?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

What is reservoir pool?

A large store of a nutrient at some stage in a biogeochemical cycle. Reservoir pools are mainly abiotic, but may also be biotic, as in the case of the biomass of a forest, which represents a considerable store of various elements, especially carbon.

What’s an example of a reservoir?

The definition of a reservoir is place where a supply of something is collected, especially water. An example of a reservoir is an area where large amounts of water are stored. A natural or artificial pond or lake used for the storage and regulation of water. … A reservoir of goodwill.

Is reservoir water safe to drink?

It might contain chemicals that are potentially harmful but the levels are going to be very low when expelled by the body, and even lower when diluted by water.” Prof Boobis, from Imperial College London, points out that the reservoir already probably contained urine from fish and animals.

What is a reservoir used for?

Under these conditions, more water is released from the reservoir so farmers can water their crops and homes and businesses can function normally. Reservoirs serve other purposes. They are used for boating, fishing, and other forms of recreation. Some of the dams that create reservoirs are used to generate electricity.

What disease is associated with bacteria?

Bacteria cause many common infections such as pneumonia, wound infections, bloodstream infections (sepsis) and sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea, and have also been responsible for several major disease epidemics.

How do you spell water reservoir?

noun. a natural or artificial place where water is collected and stored for use, especially water for supplying a community, irrigating land, furnishing power, etc. a receptacle or chamber for holding a liquid or fluid.

How do you use reservoir in a sentence?

Reservoir sentence examplesA third reservoir is authorized. … Near the central quadrangle of the city is a vast reservoir of water, the dome of which is of bold and excellent proportions. … the remains of a large water reservoir, the so-called Cento Camerelle; to the S.More items…

What does Reservoir mean in health?

Reservoir. The reservoir of an infectious agent is the habitat in which the agent normally lives, grows, and multiplies. Reservoirs include humans, animals, and the environment. The reservoir may or may not be the source from which an agent is transferred to a host.